The massive drive of safety & compliance by multinational retailers in RMG Bangladesh(part-1 of 3 )

[Part-2 of this article is published- Electrical Safety standards demand by multinational retailers in RMG Bangladesh. ( Part 2 of 3) ]
[alvaa]It has been a pretty ugly scar in the face of Bangladesh for the alarming low compliance to safety in workplace in Bangladesh RMG( Ready made garments) sector. Its not about the consecutive accidents followed by thousands of lives, its about the miracle that very few accidents are happening with the bitter lowest safety standard in this RMG sector. Talking about safety standard, it is not about to meet the high working safety standard recognized internationally, it is about lowest minimum safety standard and practice by the guideline bound by law not by humanity and self awareness of factory owner which is obviously missing in our greedy or unconscious factory owner.
rmg sector in Bangladesh

The behind story of these articles is recent awareness and investment of multinational ready made garments giant retailers like WallMart, H&M and others to inspect & asses the factory safety standards for electrical and fire safety. Bureau Veritas Bangladesh on behalf of international retailers is inspecting and standardizing the factories in three categories in a mission to motivate or bound the factories to maintain standard for Electricity and Fire

The massive safety Drive- as per guideline

[adsfl]At present, various garments buyers have shown interests in financial aid for electrical assessment of the garments industries in Bangladesh. There are at least half a dozen multinational audit companies involved into this audit. They follow the electrical guidelines or codes from different international book or gadgets, most importantly Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC), Bangladesh Electrical Rules-1937 (BER), National Fire Protection Association-70 (NFPA-70) and British Standards (BS).

The complete assessment is categorized mostly into 3 (A,B,C) parts where category-A’ is for ‘immediate corrections needed’ and category-C is for ‘observation and monitoring needed’. The factory is given 30 days period for the corrections of category-A, while 180 days for the category-C. Here come the most important non-conformities (NC). This can be divided into parts. 1. Drawings, 2. Planned schedule in registered log book with mentioning due dates, 3. Planned schedule in notice board with mentioning due dates, 4. Instruction boards, 5.Marking of cable, 6. Panel size, 7. marking of cable and circuits
Electrical Drawings:

The massive safety Drive- The minimum parameters

Single Line Diagram (Electrical): An updated single line diagram (SLD) or one line drawing should be present at factories. Important thing is- this diagram should be started from the source (Generator/Transformer) and ended up at connected load (Lights/Fan/Machines/Sockets etc) including all Panels and circuit breakers (CBs).

Electrical layout diagram (civil drawings with electrical equipment’s and location): A civil drawing showing the position of lights, fans, sockets, control panels, distribution panels, machines, exhaust fans, computer tables, iron tables, spot removing guns positions, dryers positions etc is needed at factory.

Planned schedule in registered log book with mentioning due dates:
1.All the electrical equipments (sewing M/C, cutting M/C, Knitting M/C, dryer M/C, hand dryer, drill M/C, Hand drill M/C, boiler, compressor, softner plant, cooling pump, generator, transformer etc. ) should be tested periodically. Here, small M/C needs to be tested in every shorter period of interval (say 1 months or 3 months). Larger equipments or Machines needs to be tested in every larger period of interval (say 6 months, 12 months or more). The schedule of plan should be written in registered book. The due date of next testing should be mentioned. For example: a welding M/C is tested on May 20, 2013. If the requirements of testing period is every 3 months, then the next due date will be August 20,2013. Testing results should be kept as well.

Panel sizes:
Every panel is manufactured for a particular capacity of single phase circuit breaker which can be installed into the panel. A tag should be pasted on the Panel mentioning the panel capacity and the Circuit Breaker (CB) installed. For example-This panel is designed for 24 CBs. 18 CBs are installed. 6CBs can be installed in future. The important thing is how to count the CB in this regards. Every pole is to be counted as one. That means one 3-phase (TP) CB is to be counted as 3 CB. Dual pase(DP) will be 2 CBs and single phase(SP) will be one CB. If one panel has 4 SP CBs, 2 DP CBs and 5 TP CBs then the total number of breaker to be counted is: 4+2X2+5X3=23 CB.

General requirements for Circuit breaker use:
CB should not be higher rated than required, Which CB is for which load -should be known, every circuits (including indicator lamp and meters) should have a protection CB/fuse . That means every panel will have a incomer. it will go to the bus-bar. The distribution circuits will be sourced from the common bus-bars through a CB. Directly connection from Bus-bar is not allowed in codes.

These above mentioned rules are from the 3 different codes. All have references. There are some other rules also. These are the most important. The existing factory can follow these codes to make their factory compliant. Before designing a new factory or industry these codes should be kept in mind.

[Part-2 of this article is published- Electrical Safety standards demand by multinational retailers in RMG Bangladesh. ( Part 2 of 3) ]

3 thoughts on “The massive drive of safety & compliance by multinational retailers in RMG Bangladesh(part-1 of 3 )”

    1. Hope the massacre like Rana Plaza RMG never happens taking toll of 1200 lives plus thousands of people amputated.

      1. Thanks Razib for your great insight. At now the very time we roll over things positively make some minimal standards and drive them to make it a real practice- for our own good

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